Ibn Fadlān and the Land of Darkness: Arab Travellers in the Far North

  • Title: Ibn Fadlān and the Land of Darkness: Arab Travellers in the Far North
  • Author: أحمد بن فضلان Ahmad ibn Fadlān Paul Lunde Caroline Stone
  • ISBN: 9780140455076
  • Page: 235
  • Format: Paperback
  • Ibn Fadl n and the Land of Darkness Arab Travellers in the Far North In AD an Arab envoy from Baghdad named Ibn Fadlan encountered a party of Viking traders on the upper reaches of the Volga River In his subsequent report on his mission he gave a meticulous and as
    In 922 AD, an Arab envoy from Baghdad named Ibn Fadlan encountered a party of Viking traders on the upper reaches of the Volga River In his subsequent report on his mission he gave a meticulous and astonishingly objective description of Viking customs, dress, table manners, religion and sexual practices, as well as the only eyewitness account ever written of a Viking shipIn 922 AD, an Arab envoy from Baghdad named Ibn Fadlan encountered a party of Viking traders on the upper reaches of the Volga River In his subsequent report on his mission he gave a meticulous and astonishingly objective description of Viking customs, dress, table manners, religion and sexual practices, as well as the only eyewitness account ever written of a Viking ship cremation.Between the ninth and fourteenth centuries, Arab travellers such as Ibn Fadlan journeyed widely and frequently into the far north, crossing territories that now include Russia, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan Their fascinating accounts describe how the numerous tribes and peoples they encountered traded furs, paid tribute and waged wars This accessible new translation offers an illuminating insight into the world of the Arab geographers, and the medieval lands of the far north.

    • Ibn Fadlān and the Land of Darkness: Arab Travellers in the Far North ¦ أحمد بن فضلان Ahmad ibn Fadlān Paul Lunde Caroline Stone
      235 أحمد بن فضلان Ahmad ibn Fadlān Paul Lunde Caroline Stone
    • thumbnail Title: Ibn Fadlān and the Land of Darkness: Arab Travellers in the Far North ¦ أحمد بن فضلان Ahmad ibn Fadlān Paul Lunde Caroline Stone
      Posted by:أحمد بن فضلان Ahmad ibn Fadlān Paul Lunde Caroline Stone
      Published :2019-05-26T18:49:19+00:00

    About أحمد بن فضلان Ahmad ibn Fadlān Paul Lunde Caroline Stone


    1. 921.Ahmad ibn Fadl n ibn al Abb s ibn R id ibn Hamm d Arabic was a 10th century Arab traveler, famous for his account of his travels as a member of an embassy of the Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad to the king of the Volga Bulgars His account is most known for providing a description of the Volga Vikings, including an eyewitness account of a ship burial He provided descriptions for various other peoples, most notably Turkic peoples such as the Oghuzes, Pechenegs, Bashkirs, and Khazars.


    236 Comments


    1. هزار و دویست سال قبل، از مناطق دوردست شمال که پای هیچ عرب و عجمی بهش نرسیده، از روسیه و بلغارستان، سفیری به دربار خلفای عباسی میاد و از طرف پادشاه یکی از قبایل بلغار نامه ای میاره، که میگه: ما مدتیه که اسلام آوردیم، ولی کسی نیست که به ما احکام رو یاد بده. برای ما فقیهی آشنا به احک [...]

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    2. أشهر كتب الرحلات رحلة ابن فضلان : تكاد تكون رحلته (أحمد بن فضلان ت 960م) من أشهر الكتب التي تذكر بلدان أوروبا الوسطى، والصقالبة - روسيا اليوم – خاصة، ويبدو أن أصل الرحلة في الأصل نوع من الدبلوماسية ورغبة الصقالبة في معرفة القوة التي حركت العنصر العربي وحولته من خامل إلى منتج وصا [...]

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    3. List of MapsChronologyIntroduction & NotesNote on the TextsMapsPart I--The Book of Ahmad ibn Fadlān, 921-922Part II--The Travels of Abū Hāmid al-Andalusī al-Gharnātī, 1130-1155Part III: Passages from Other Geographers, Historians and Travellers--1. Qudāma ibn Ja'far on Alexander in China, 928-932--2. Ibn Khurradādhbih on Sallām the Interpreter and Alexander's Wall, 844--3. Ibn Hayyān on the Viking attack on Seville, 844--4. Zuhrī on Viking ships, c. 1160--5. Ibn Khurradādhbih on [...]

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    4. كان لي تجربة مع (ابن بطوطة) و اعترف بان اسلوب (ابن فضلان) اكثر تشويقا كونه بيعتمد فى حكيه على تلك الاخبار المثيره الغرائبية عن الجوارى و الوثنية ، و ما الى ذلك ذكرنى هذا الاعتماد بتجار العرب و المسلمين ممن كانوا يرتحلون الى اقاصى الغرب و الشرق فى تجارتهم و يعودوا ليفترشوا احدى [...]

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    5. استمعت للكتاب بنسخته الصوتية على اليوتيوبالكتاب تجربة مبكرة جدا جدا في أدب الرحلات 309 هـخرج أحمد بن فضلان من بغداد إلى بلاد الروس مرورا ببلاد وأقاليم كثيرة، وذلك بأمر وتكليف من الخليفة (أظنه المقتدر) في بغداد، وذلك بعد أن ورده طلب من أحد أمراء الأقاليم أن يرسل له من يعلمه أمر [...]

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    6. كنت كتبت رأيا عن هذا الكتاب في عام 2007شغفت لأول مرة بذاك الرحالة الذي وصل البلاد الاسكندنافية حين شاهدت فيلم المحارب الثالث عشر بطولة أنطونيو بانديرس ( The 13th Warrior By Antonio Banderas)وأحمد بن فضلان هو مبعوث الخليفة العباسي عام 921م إلى بلاد الصقالبة ليعلمهم أمور دينهم و يحمل إليهم نقودا [...]

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    7. لقد كانت بداية تعرفي على الرحلة حين سألت أستاذ التاريخ الإسلامي بجامعة دمشق الدكتور سهيل زكار عن حقيقة وصول أحد الرحالة المسلمين للبلاد الاسكندنافية كما شاهدت في الفيلم. فأشار علي برحلة ابن فضلان تحقيق سامي الدهان مع نفيه لأن يكون قد وصل للبلاد الاسكندنافية، سواء هو أو حتى [...]

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    8. عنوان: سفرنامه احمد بن فضلان بن العباس بن راشد بن حماد، مترجم: ابوالفضل طباطبایی؛ مشخصات نشر: تهران، بنیاد فرهنگ ایران، 1345، در 175 ص، نقشه، نمونه، عنوان روی جلد: سفرنامه ابن فضلان؛ کتابنامه از ص 171 تا 175، و به صورت زیرنویس، موضوع: جهانگردی، سفرنامه ها، سیر و سیاحت کشورهای ترکیه و [...]

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    9. Arab travellers and Vikings coming together… sounds like fiction (and Crichton did create a decent story out of this in Eaters of the Dead), but not the case. This book compiles accounts by Arab travellers detailing various Turkic people who populate northern regions where the nights are so short “there is no time for the water to boil before the dawn prayer.”Both introduction and appendices to this book should be read as they give greater context and information regarding the travellers, [...]

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    10. This is more than a 3 star rating and yet less than a 4 star. An intriguing account of an Arab Muslim traveller to the northern climes - inclusive of some unique and harrowing eyewitness accounts which are not found elsewhere e.g. Viking funerary practices. The book is divided into three main parts, Parts 1 and 2 comprises of the travel accounts of ibn Fadlan and Abu Hamid respectively, the last part, Part 3 are excerpts from the various works of fellow Arabian/Muslim geographers, historians and [...]

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    11. My father always claimed that the fall of Europe into the Dark Ages was due to the rise of Christianity, but after reading Ibn Fadlan and the other various travellers' accounts of Eastern Europe and the Far East in the 9th-10th and later centuries, it seems to me Europe(or at least its Eastern and Northern expanses) was in darkness before Christianity ever came along. Somehow I doubt that the condition of peoples such as the Saqaliba, Rus, Wisu etc as described in these accounts was any more ele [...]

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    12. قبل أن أشرع في قراءة الكتاب, كنت في حيرة من أمري فمالذي سأستفيده من قراءة كتاب من مئات السنين, ولكن ما إن بدأت حتى تعرفت على قيمته ففيه من القصص الطريفة والحوادث ما جعلني أستمتع بها, فالبداية لنتعرف على من هو ابن فضلان وما سبب ذهابه إلى هذه الرحلةهو عالم بغدادي ذهب إلى أرض الصق [...]

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    13. كتاب ممتع لطيف أتممت قراءته في يوم واحد تعلمت منه أن الشعوب كالرجال إن شبت على شيء شابت عليه!

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    14. رحلة ممتعة ولغة ساحرة، مليئة هذه الرسالة باخبار الترك والروس والبلغار، منها ماهو واقعي وبعضها اقرب للخيال ولكن الخيال ممتع دائماً

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    15. In the 10th century, an Arab traveller named Ahmad Ibn Fadlan went, as part of an embassy, from Baghdad into the far north, to visit the newly Muslim king of the Bulghars who lived on the Volga River where it flows into the Caspian Sea. On his return, he wrote an account of his journey that is remarkable for its precision, dispassion and curiosity. Ibn Fadlan was genuinely interested in the peoples and customs he encountered along the way, and went out of his way to find out more about them. The [...]

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    16. As I have understood:This is a short book written by Ahmad Ibn Fadlan, about his mission on religious and cash supports to the King of Slavs, from Caliph of Islamic world.He and 4 other started this travel from Baghdad to Balkan. Their journey had been a very hard one because of the cold weather of northern areas and different tribes. Hi is very good in describing the people he had visited and their habits, a literal detailed one. The scene of a funeral is such described that has been painted by [...]

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    17. كتاب جميل ومشوقكل صديق لي لايحب القراءة أهديته هذا الكتاب فأحبهويعتبر الكتاب مرجع لتاريخ الأوروبيين في ذلك الوقتومنه أخذت قصة فلم المحارب رقم 13 :)

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    18. Includes the Book of Ahmad Ibn Fadlan, The Travels of Abu Hamid al-Andalusi al-Gharnati and a series of a few dozen excerpts from other Arab geographers, historians and travellers (plus passages from a Jewish merchant, Marco Polo and a Russian chronicle, for some reason).Ibn Fadlan's book is the best. Classic adventure stuff, an embassy to a newly converted khan on the Volga. Fadlan strikes me as a bit of a crank, in a good way. He's great at complaining about the cold (from the familiar 'we wor [...]

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    19. سفرنامه ابن فضلانتوصیفات دوستان، مرا مشتاق خواندن این سفرنامه کرد. چاپ دوم کتاب (شهریور ۱۳۵۵) را از کتابخانه مرکزی امانت گرفته‌ و خواندم. مطالب دست اولی از اوضاع و احوال هزار سال پیش داشت که بسیار جالب و خواندنی بود. چند هفته قبل، سفرنامه ناصرخسرو را برای دومین بار خوانده بودم [...]

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    20. كتاب عجيب غريب من أدب الرحلات. فقد جمع فيه مؤلفه بين عادات الشعوب وبين ما شاهده من الغرائب.فالخليفة العباسي المقتدر بالله جعفر بن محمد (ت ٣٢٠هجرية) الذي أرسل ابن فضلان الفقيه إلى ملك الصقالبة (البلغاري) الذي كان مسلما، كي يعلمه أمر دينه، كان يخاطب ملك الصقالبة في بعض المواقف ك [...]

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    21. IBN FADLAN AND THE LAND OF DARKNESS: Arab Travellers in the Far North. (932 A.D.). Ibn Fadlan. ****. In this new translation from the Arabic, we are introduced to the narratives IbnFadlan and other Arabic explorers from the ninth to the fifteenth – with a small entry from Marco Polo. Ibn Fadlan was an Arab envoy from Baghdad, and was sent north on a diplomatic mission. While on his travels, he encountered a party of Viking traders on the upper branches of the Volga. As he spent some time with [...]

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    22. I skimmed through most of the commentary and cut right to the translated text of Ibn Fadlan's 10th century travel journal from Baghdad to to Russia. Remarkable. For much of the journal I appreciated how new the surrounding world was to him: his first northern winter, his shock at seeing the northern lights, his disgust at people's differing sexual and bathing habits, his first look at a rhinoceros. Random thoughts: I find it fascinating that he calls the northmen disgusting for their bathing hab [...]

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    23. For those interested in Viking history, Ibn Fadlan's writings, like most Arabic writers who encountered them, are far more objective and more intimate than the European writings which were coloured by the Christian anti-pagan hysteria of the period and the need to propagandize against an invading enemy. That's not to say that the Arabic writers were not looking through the lens of their own faith, but their accounts of the Viking culture tend to be far more objective than that of Medieval Europe [...]

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    24. رحلة من الرحلات التي قام بها الرحالة العرب الي الكثير من الاماكن في كافة ارجاء الكرة الارضية لكن تفرد هذه الرحلة انها ذهبت الي اماكن لم يصلها اي من الرحالة ولم يصلنا اي معلومات عن احوالها وعن طبائع اهلها ،الرحلة كانت بامر الخليفة العباسي المقتدر بالله لرسوله الي ملك الصقالب [...]

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    25. حالا محتوای کتاب و جادویی بودن سفر ابن فضلان در آن زمان و اتفاقات و تعاریفش به کنار، زبان عربی اش خود جادویی تمام عیار بود.مقدمه ی دکتر سامی الدهان طولانی بود و برای من که باید خیلی دست و پا شکسته عربی می خواندم خیلی سخت، عربی ِ کتاب اصلی برای من قابل فهم تر بود. شاید بهانه ای شد [...]

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    26. fadlan'ın muhteşem hikayesine, şeşen'in korkunç yüzeysel sunum ve müdahaleleriyle tecavüz edilmiş.

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    27. Seyahatname olarak mı değerlendirmek lazım yoksa mitolojik bir derleme mi demek lazım bilemiyorum. Mübalağa sanatının doruk noktalarından biri de denebilir tabi. Zaten bunu notlarda belirtiyorlar. İbn Fadlan sürekli olarak kaynaksız verdiği sözde bilgilerle, asılsız uydurmalarla, aşırı mübalağaya girerek hazırlamış bu kitabı. Zaten bunu hemen her tarihçi kabul ediyor. Tabi doğru verdii ve kaynaklarla örtüşen anlatımlarda var.Sorun aslında bu tip abartmalarından [...]

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    28. Konusu itibariyle ilgi çekici bir kitap. Ibn Fadlan'ın kitaptaki düşünceleri ve gözlemleri teyide muhtaç olsa da, objektif bakış açısıyla düşünceleri saygı çerçevesinde değerlendirilebilir. Özellikle Oğuz Türkleri ve diğer Türk toplulukları ile ilgili düşünceleri oldukça marjinal. Kitabın çeviri dili fena değildi. Kitaptan birkaç alıntı yapmak gerekirse;"Yine Muaviye’den “İki çökmüşü (uyuyanı) uyandırmayın. Onlar size dokunmadıkça siz onlara doku [...]

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    29. استمتعت بقراءة هذا الكتاب، واخذ طابع ادبي اكثر منه علمي، لغة جميلة. مع هذا يؤخذ عليه عدم سرد تفاصيل، وهذا على علاقة بطابع الكتابة في ذلك العصر، التي لا تهتم في التركيز على التفاصيل الانسانية، الا ان ما ميز ابن فضلان هو اهتمامه بوصف جوانب اجتماعية وحتى وصفية.في البداية لم اشعر [...]

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    30. A quick read and not exactly narrative, this book nonetheless features incredible details of mediaeval societies living on the edge of the beyond - northern people, customs, and climates just outside the reach of the contemporary civilized imagination circa 922 CE, namely that of the Arabic Muslims living in places like Baghdad and Cordoba, then the two richest and most literate cities west of China. If you've ever wondered what Vikings looked like to the people they'd trade their slaves with, o [...]

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